Finding scientific papers for free, one more experiment

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Sandra Porter

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I meant for this to be a three part series, but in part II, I learned that one more experiment had to be done. I had to know if the articles I found in PubMed Central were the same articles that I found in PubMed. Part I and part III cover the background and my favorite method. Now, we're going to find out if my favorite method is really enough. In other words, I had this kind of problem (shown in the diagram) and I just had to know which case was correct:
i-b7c3f0f45492563ca28f4f124758029a-pubmed-and-pmc.gif

The method: To test this, I did a PubMed search with term "cancer," as before, and limited the search to free, full, text. Then, I clicked the Preview/Index tab, opened the Filter field, and selected either the pubmed pmc free filter or the pubmed pmc filter. (Both filters are shown in the image below.)
i-5bc63bb0334fe87b6f3620a4ae21a22d-filter.gif
Then, I clicked the AND button to add that term to my query. (Using the AND, OR, or NOT buttons works wonderfully, because everything is properly formattted with quotes and brackets.) My results: In part II, I found 220,219 articles on cancer in PubMed and 171,702 articles in PubMed Central. In today's experiment, I found that only 52,160 articles (a little more than a third, were shared between the two databases).
i-3f6fa639df6dc86aa841bf2bf1a69e68-history.gif

In other words, this diagram shows the correct situation.
i-3595c7ede28005bc6a396b223b0940fb-shared_articles.gif


What's the take home message? PubMed Central contains articles that are not available in PubMed (with limits). So, to get as many articles as you can, you do need to search both databases. And, if that doesn't work, my commenters (here and here) have left a number of excellent suggestions! Read the whole series:
  • part I A day in the life of an English physician,
  • part II Comparing different methods,
  • part III My new favorite method,
  • part IV One last experiment

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